A pictorial look at the genocide in Bangladesh began on 26 March 1971 with the launch of Operation Searchlight, as West Pakistan began a military crackdown  to suppress Bengali calls for self-determination. During the nine-month long war for independence, members of the Pakistani military and supporting militias (Razakars and Al Badrs) killed between 300,000 –3,000,000 people and raped between 200,000–400,000 Bangladeshi women in a systematic campaign of genocidal rape