Virtual Bangladesh : History : The Declaration of Independence
Soon after the Pakistani army crackdown on the night of March
25, 1971,the first declaration of independence was made over the radio
by M. A. Hannan. Very few people heard this declaration and Major Zia's
famous "Ami Major Zia Bolchhi" declaration over Chittagong radio
on March 27 was picked up by foreign news agency and was given wide publicity.
The first declaration
Excerpted from The History of the Liberation Movement in Bangladesh, Author J. S. Gupta
...meanwhile a message in the form of a telegram reached the hands of a few students from Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. The students were excited to receive Mujib's message to the people, but were at a loss to decide what should be done with it. At last it struck them that the message could be broadcast from Agrabad Station of Radio Pakistan...
..The message was translated into Bengali by Dr. Manjula Anwar. As they took the message to the radio station. announcer Kazi Hosne Ara was picked up on the way...
..The Armed police guards posted there were Bengali's who immediately opened the locks and allowed them to go in. Kazi Husne Ara rushed out and brought with her Mahbub Hassan, Belal Ahmed and Abul Kashem Sandwipi.
Making hurried trips between AGrabad broadcasting station and its transmission center at Kalurghat they failed to secure permission from higher authorities to run the station...
It was decided that they should go back to the other side of Kalurghat bridge where rations had just been delivered to the jawans of East Bengal Regiment under the command of Major Ziaur Rahman and plead with them for assistance to run the Kalurghat transmitter as a broadcasting station...
...The engineer [Ashikul Islam] had an interview with the commandant who agreed to send some military guards to protect the Kalurghat Transmitter...
..As the Bengali soldiers took positions to guard the transmission centre, the rebels put their heads together and secured the help of a few engineers of the Kalurghat industrial complex to convert it into a broadcasting station.
As Kalurghat was getting organized into a nerve-centre for coordinating the liberation struggle, Baluch troops had invaded the EBR barracks where under the command of Major Zia a bloody battle raged. Major Zia had to retreat and with a battalion of troops came to Kalurghat. He was made commandant of the rebel forces at Kalurghat where the transmitter was now ready for broadcasting. As contact could not be established between the leaders of the Awami League, Major Zia was requested by the rebel station to broadcast a message of independence to the people of Bangladesh.
At 7:45 pm on 26th March 1971, Major Zia broadcast the message which became historic in the struggle for independence.
...Major Zia's message was picked up by a Japanese ship anchored mid- stream in Chittagong harbour. When the news of this declaration was broadcast by Radio Australia, the rest of the world came to know of it...
Here is an excerpt from the declaration:
Virtual Bangladesh: © All rights reserved