Dhaka, formerly Dacca, is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh.
It is located in the geographic center of the country in the great deltaic
region of the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers. Dhaka is served by the port
of Narayanganj, located 16 km (10 mi) to the southeast. The city is within
the monsoon climate zone, with an annual average temperature of 25 deg
C (77 deg F) and monthly means varying between 18 deg C (64 deg F) in
January and 29 deg C (84 deg F) in August. Nearly 80% of the annual average
rainfall of 1,854 mm (73 in) occurs between May and September.
Dhaka is located in one of the world's leading
rice- and jute-growing regions. Its industries include textiles (jute,
muslin, cotton) and food processing, especially rice milling. A variety
of other consumer goods are also manufactured here. The Muslim influence
is reflected in the more than 700 mosques and historic buildings found
throughout the city. Dhaka is divided into an old city and the new city,
and many residential and industrial communities.
Dhaka was founded during the 10th century. It served as the Mogul capital
of Bengal from 1608 to 1704 and was a trading center for British, French,
and Dutch interests before coming under British rule in 1765. In 1905
it was again named the capital of Bengal, and in 1956 it became the capital
of East Pakistan. The city suffered heavy damage during the Bangladesh
war of independence (1971). The romanized spelling of the Bengali name
was changed from Dacca to Dhaka in 1982.
City Corporation website.